Africa, the second largest continent in the world, and has the oldest record of human technology achievements. Before the invention of modern instruments and equipments, Africans were so innovative, that they created a lot of materials, tools, household items through common thinking. They made clothes from animal skin, created fire from stones, made cups and plates from palms, baskets and sun shades from raffia trees and a whole lot.
Modern ways of invention cropped up, Africa did not lie low, as most of the world greatest inventions sprouted from Africa by Africans.
This is an amazing African inventions and the world cannot do without it. Many treatments used today in modern medicine were first employed in Africa centuries ago. Early records on medicine have been discovered from ancient Egyptian medicine. In Egypt, Imhotep is the first physician in history known by name. The oldest Egyptian medical text is the Kahun Gynaecological Papyrus from around 2000 BCE, which describes gynaecological diseases.
The earliest known surgery was performed in Egypt around 2750 B.C. Medical procedures performed in ancient Africa before they were performed in Europe include vaccination, autopsy, limb traction and broken bone setting, bullet removal, brain surgery, skin grafting, filling of dental cavities, installation of false teeth, what is now known as Caesarean sections, anesthesia and tissue cauterization.
Cellular Antenna Technology
Paul van Jaarsveld and Gordon Mayhew, who are South Africans were the brains behind this invention. The quiet cellar antennae technology has a square kilometer array plan that reduces noisy cellular emissions from base stations used by cellular companies. The antenna has been tested in other parts of the world and has worked extremely well. Trail measurements have shown the the radio signal frequency levels can be significantly reduces while at the same time maintaining the original GSM coverage. This is one of the most intriguing African inventions from South Africa.
Cardiopad which was invented by a Cameroonian entrepreneur, called Marc Arthur the very first touch screen medical tablet invented and made in Africa. It is a computer tablet that is used for heart examinations. The gadget allows such examinations as electrocardiograms to be conducted in the rural and inaccessible locations. With the Cardiopad, electrodes are places on the patient and connected to the model that, in turn, connects to the tablet. When a medical examination is performed on a. Patient in a remote village, for example, the results are transmitted from the nurse’s tablet to that of the doctor who then interprets them. The gadget is mostly used in areas where very urgent diagnostic tests need to be carried out but are inaccessible. The innovation has allowed many hearts patients to get an early diagnosis, and this is a luxury as previously they could not get the services not unless they travelled to urban areas. The device is expected to facilitate treatment of patients suffering from heart disease across Africa and most especially Cameroon.
One amazing African inventions which also has its origins in philanthropy is the cybertracker. After spending time with the San people, Louis Liebenberg was urged to assist the traditional hunter-gatherers in preserving their knowledge and innate tracking abilities through the help of technology. CyberTracker is being used worldwide by indigenous communities, in protected areas, scientific research, citizen science, environmental education, forestry, farming, social surveys and crime prevention.
The software has an icon-based UI which enables non-literate trackers to record complex geo-referencing and animal behaviour observations. The invention has become a keystone in job creation for indigenous African communities.
The oldest known possible mathematical object is the Lebombo bone, which was discovered in the Lebombo Mountains of Swaziland and dated to approximately 35,000 B.C. Many of the math concepts that are learned in school today were also developed in Africa.
Over 35,000 years ago, Ancient Egyptians scripted textbooks about math that included division and multiplication of fractions and geometric formulas to calculate the area and volume of shapes.
Mathematics was invented in Egypt!