Additionally, Amnesty International remarks that the signing of the peace contract is a signifying marker; of Sudanese transitional government following; former president Omar Al Bashir’s ousting a year and half ago. Amnesty International, Director for East and Southern Africa; Deprose Muchena stated that, “The peace agreement presents a ray of hope for millions of Sudanese people in Darfur, South Kordofan and Blue Nile; whose human rights have been systematically violated by the government of former President Omar Al Bashir; and who have endured horrific violence at the hands of all parties to the conflict”
Sudanese Power Tussle
Al Bashir came into power in 1989 through military enforcement and allegedly played a role in Sudan’s 2003 civil conflict; which led to over 300 000 dead and over 2.5 million citizens displaced. However, In February this year, Sudan’s Sovereign Council handed Al Bashir over to the International Criminal Court. The ICC has charged Al Bashir with three counts of genocide, five counts of crimes against humanity for crimes allegedly committed between 2003 to 2008.
The public ceremony took place in South Sudan’s capital, Juba and was televised. Sudanese Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok and the chairman of the Transitional Sovereignty Council, Abdel Fattah al-Burhan and representatives of Sudan Revolution Front are signatories of the peace contract. President of South Sudan, Salva Kiir is said to have played a large role in mediating the agreement. Two rebel factions within the Sudan Liberation Movement and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-North refused to take a part in the peace process.